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Signs of Abuse

Understanding the signs of abuse is crucial for early intervention and life-threatening risks of inhalant abuse. Familiarize yourself with signs, symptoms, and behaviors changes.

Different inhalants yield different effects. Generally speaking, because inhaled chemicals are absorbed through the lungs into the bloodstream and distributed quickly to the brain and other organs, the effects of inhaling can be severe. Within minutes, the user experiences feelings of intoxication and may become dizzy, have headaches, abdominal pain, limb spasms, lack of coordination, loss of control, hallucinations, and impaired judgment.

Worse, he or she may even die from a condition known as Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome, which can even occur with first time users.

Long-term inhalant users generally suffer from muscle weakness, inattentiveness, lack of coordination, irritability, depression, liver or kidney damage, and central nervous system (including brain) damage. The dangers are real, the side effects are severe, and the high is not worth risking your life.

Behavioral Signs of Inhalant Abuse

  • Painting fingernails with magic markers or correction fluid
  • Sitting with a pen or marker by the nose
  • Constantly smelling clothing sleeves
  • Showing paint or stain marks on face, fingers, or clothing
  • Having numerous butane lighters and refills in room, backpack, or locker (when the child does not smoke)
  • Hiding rags, clothes, or empty containers of the potentially abused products in closets, under the bed, in garage, etc.

Symptoms of Inhalant Abuse

  • Drunk, dazed, or dizzy appearance
  • Slurred or disoriented speech
  • Uncoordinated physical symptoms
  • Red or runny eyes and nose
  • Spots and/or sores around the mouth
  • Unusual breath odor or chemical odor on clothing
  • Signs of paint or other products where they wouldn’t normally be, such as on face, lips, nose, or fingers
  • Nausea and/or loss of appetite
  • Chronic inhalant abusers may exhibit symptoms such as hallucinations, anxiety, excitability, irritability, restlessness or anger.

Talking to Your Child/Teen

  • Ask your tween if he/she knows about inhalant abuse. Has he/she seen or heard other kids abusing these products.
  • Reinforce resistance to peer pressure and provide your tween with ways to say no-“That’s not for me” or “No thanks, that stuff can be really dangerous.”
  • Set your expectations and be clear. Let your tween know where you stand on inhalant abuse and how you would feel if you found out they were doing it. Emphasize that unsafe actions and risky behavior have serious consequences.
  • Have more than one conversation about inhalant abuse and the harmful consequences. Talk about it often, inhalant abuse conversations shouldn’t be one and done. Long conversations are not needed; 60 second chats regularly will reiterate the risks and expectations to your tween.
  • More Tips

In Case of an Emergency

  • First, stay calm. Do not excite or argue with the abuser while they are under the influence. This may trigger the heart rate to increase, causing cardiac arrest.
  • If the person is unconscious or not breathing - call for help immediately. CPR should be administered until help arrives.
  • If the person is conscious, keep them calm and in a well-ventilated area.
  • Do not leave the person alone.
  • Activity, excitement, or stress may cause heart problems or lead to Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome (when an individual dies the first time they abuse an inhalant)
  • Check for clue. Try to find out what was used as the inhalant. Tell the proper authorities.
  • Seek professional help for the abuser through a counselor, school nurse, physician, teacher, clergy, or coach.
  • Be a good listener.

A helpful way to remember the warning signs of inhalant abuse:

Hidden, chemical-soaked rags or clothes
Eyes and nose red and runny
Loss of appetite or nausea
Paint or chemical stains on face or fingers

To support someone you know who is addicted to inhalants, read Personal Stories, or to start the conversation, get more help.

Slang Terms

Knowing what language children and teens use to talk about inhalant abuse can help adults and role models identify instances of inhalant abuse.

Aimies Amphetamine; amyl nitrite
Air blast Inhalants
Ames Amyl nitrite
Amys Amyl nitrite
Aroma of men Isobutyl nitrite
Bagging Using inhalants
Bang Inhalants; to inject a drug
Bolt Amphetamine; isobutyl nitrite
Boppers Amyl nitrite
Bullet Isobutyl nitrite; inhalants
Bullet bolt Inhalants
Buzz Bomb Nitrous oxide
Chroming Inhalant
Climax Crack; heroin, isobutyl nitrite; inhalants
Discorama Inhalants
Glading Using inhalants
Gluey One who sniffs or inhales glue
Hardware Isobutyl nitrite; inhalants
Heart-on Inhalants
Highball Inhalants
Hippie crack Inhalants
Honey oil Ketamine; inhalants
Huff Inhalants
Laughing gas Nitrous oxide
Medusa Inhalants
Moon gas Inhalants
Oz Inhalants
Pearls Amyl nitrite
Poor man’s pot Inhalants
Poppers Isobutyl nitrite; amyl nitrite
Quicksilver Isobutyl nitrite; inhalants
Rush Cocaine; isobutyl nitrite; inhalants
Rush Snappers Isobutyl nitrite
Satan’s secret Inhalants
Shoot the breeze Nitrous oxide
Snappers Isobutyl nitrite
Snotballs Rubber cement rolled into balls, burned, and the fumes are inhaled
Spray Inhalants
Texas shoe shine Inhalants
Thrust Isobutyl intrite; inhalants
Toilet water Inhalants
Tolly Toluene – chemical contained in many inhalants
Toncho Octane booster that is inhaled
Whippets Nitrous oxide
Whiteout Inhalants; isobutyl nitrite

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